Country List

Country nameResources Extracted, Available (a)% GDPRelevant gov't agenciesRelevant legislation
(mineral/petroleum)
Committed to transparency initiative?Resource Governance Index Score (composite, 0-100)
AlgeriaOil
Gold
Silver
Zinc
Lead
Helium and liquefied Natural Gas
Natural Gas
36 (2012), of which oil 35.9* Ministère de l’Énergie et des Mines (Ministry of Energy and Mines)

* Agence Nationale du Patrimoine Minier (ANPM) (National Agency for Mining Endowment)
* Minerals : Law No. 03-10 of July 19, 2003, and associated decrees, and law No. 05-12 of September 4, 2005; Law 14-05

* Petroleum : Law No. 05-07 of April 28, 2005
No38 (hydrocarbons), failing
AngolaOil
Diamonds
Natural Gas
47 (2012), of which oil 46* Ministry of Geology, Mining and Industry
* Ministry of Environmental Affairs
* Minerals : Lei n.º 31/11 Código Mineiro [Law no. 31/11 Mining Code (23 September 2011)]

* Petroleum : Lei nº 10/04 de 12 de Novembro, Lei das Actividades Petrolíferas [Law No. 10/04 of 12 November 2004, Petroleum Activities Law]
No42 (hydrocarbons), weak
BeninOil (a)
Gold (a)
Iron (a)
Phosphate (a)
4.2 (2012), of which oil 0.2* Ministry of Energy, Oil and Mining Research, Water and Renewable Energy Development
* Office Béninoise des Mines
* Minerals : Loi nº 2006-17 portant code minier et fiscalités minières en République du Bénin [Law No. 2006-17 on the mining code and mining tax systems in the Republic of Benin]
May 17, 1983, laws No. 83-003 and 83-004 based on the Mining Code and on fiscal policy;
the special structures created by Decree 89-296 of July 28, 1989

* Petroleum : n/a
Transparent Pricing Initiative
BotswanaDiamonds21.9 (2012)* Ministry of Minerals, Energy & Water Resources
* Department of Mines
* Minerals : Mines and Minerals Act, 1999 (Chapter 66:01)

* Petroleum : Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act (Chapter 67:01). Note: Consolidated version of Act No. 12 of 1981 as at 31 December 2008 and amended by S.I. No. 56 of 1983
47 (minerals), weak
Burkina FasoGold
Manganese
Bauxite
Copper
Nickel
Lead
Zinc
Limestone/marble
13.1* Ministry of Mines and Energy* Minerals : Loi nº 031/2003/AN portant Code Minier [Act No. 031-2003/AN on the Mining Code]

* Petroleum : n/a (no petroleum resources known)
Yes - EITI compliant
Transparent Pricing Initiative
Burundi0.6* Minister for Energy and Mines* Minerals/Petroleum : Décret-loi n° 1-138 du 17 Juillet 1976 portant Code minier et pétrolier de la République du Burundi [Decree-Law No. 1/138 of 17 July 1976 on the mining and petroleum code of the Republic of Burundi]
CameroonOil
Cement
Aluminum
Sand
Diamonds
Gold
8.2 (2013) of which oil 8.1* Ministry of Mines and Energy* Minerals : Loi nº 001 portant code minier [Law No. 001 on the Mining Code (2001)]

* Petroleum : Loi n°99/013 portant code pétrolier [Law No. 99/ 013 on the Petroleum Code (22 December 1999)]
Yes - EITI compliant34 (hydrocarbons), failing
Cape Verde0.5 (2011)* Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy* Minerals : Decreto-Lei n° 6/2003 regime juridico de licenciamento e exploração depedreiras [Decree-Law No. 6/2003 on the legal status over quarries exploitation and licensing]

* Petroleum : n/a (no known oil/gas reserves)
Central African RepublicRough diamond
Gold
Timber
1.8 (2013)* Ministry of Mines and Energy* Minerals : Loi nº 09-005 portant Code minier [Law No. 09-005 on the Mining Code (9 April 2009)]

* Petroleum : Petroleum Code Ordinance no. 93.007 (May 25 1993)
Suspended from EITI
ChadOil26.7 (2013), of which oil 23.9* Ministry of Mines, Energy and Petroleum* Minerals : Loi N°011/PR/1995 portant Code Minier [Law No. 011/PR/1995 on Mining Code (20 June 1995)]

* Petroleum : Loi n° 07-06 relative aux hydrocarbures [Law No. 006/PR/2007, the Petroleum Law] (note: cannot find primary source; best secondary is http://tinyurl.com/kcxug4z)
Yes - EITI compliant
Comorosnegligible* Ministry of Energy, Mines, Industry and Handicrafts* Minerals : N/A

* Petroleum : Petroleum Code, 2013 (cannot locate copy)
Cote d'IvoireOil
Gas
Diamonds
Gold
Manganese ore
4.6 (2013)* Ministere des Ressources Minieres et Petrolieres* Minerals : Loi nº 95-553 portant Code minier [Law No. 95-553 on the Mining Code (17 July 1995)]

* Petroleum : Code Pétrolier [Petroleum Code 1996]
Yes - EITI compliant
Democratic Republic of the CongoCobalt
Copper
Diamonds
Tantalum
Tin
Crude oil
4.6 (2013)* Mining Registry* Minerals : Loi N° 007/2002 du 11 juillet 2002 portant Code Minier [Law No. 007/2002 of 11 July 2002 on the Mining Code]

* Petroleum : Law No. 81-013 General Law on Mines and Hydrocarbons (2 April 1981)
Yes - EITI compliant39 (minerals), failing
Djibouti0.3 (2011)* Ministry of Energy, Mines and Natural Resources* Minerals : Loi n°66/AN/94/3e L portant Code Minier [Law no. 66/AN/94 on the Mining Code (7 December 1994)]

* Petroleum : Loi n°117/AN/05/5ème L Portant Code Pétrolier [Law No. 117/AN/05 on the Petroleum Code]
Egypt17.3 (2013), of which oil 16.9* Ministry of Petroleum and Mines43 (hydrocarbons), weak
Equatorial Guinea89.4 (2011)* Ministry of Mines, Industry and Energy* Minerals : Ley nº 9/2006 Ley de Minas [Law No. 9/2006 Mining Law (Nov. 3, 2006)]

* Petroleum : Ley Nº 8/2006 - Ley de Hidrocarburos de la Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial [Law No. 8/2006 - Hydrocarbons Law of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea]
13 (hydrocarbons), failing
Eritreanegligible* Ministry of Mines and Energy Eritrea* Minerals : Proclamation No. 68/1995 (A Proclamation to Promote the Development of Mineral Resources)

* Petroleum : Petroleum Operations Proclamation No. 40/1993
EthiopiaGold1.3 (2013)* Ministry of Mines* Minerals : Mining Proclamation No. 52/1993

* Petroleum : Petroleum Operations Proclamation No. 295/1986
EITI candidate
Gabon46.2 (2013), of which oil 43.7* Ministry of Mines, Energy and Petroleum* Minerals : Loi nº 05/2000 portant code minier en République gabonaise [Law N° 005/2000 on the Mining Code of the Republic of Gabon]

* Petroleum : Loi n°14/74 du 21 janvier 1975 portant réglementation des activités de recherche et d’exploitation pétrolière sur le territoire de la République Gabonaise [Law No. 14/74 of 21 January 1975 regulating research and oil exploration in the territory of the Republic of Gabon]. Note: A draft Petroleum Code is in process as of 2012
46 (hydrocarbons), weak
Gambia3.6 (2013)* Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment
* Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Employment
* Minerals : Minerals Act (Cap 121)

* Petroleum : Petroleum Act, 2004 (cannot locate copy)
GhanaGold
Oil
7.9, of which oil 6.1 * Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources
* Minerals Commission
* Ghana Chamber of Mines
* Minerals : The Minerals and Mining Act of 2006 (Act No. 703 - 31 March 2006)

* Petroleum : Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Law, 1984
Yes - EITI compliant63 (minerals), partial
GuineaBauxite
Rough diamond
21.6 (2012)* Ministere des Mines, de la Geologie et de l'Environnement* Minerals : Loi L/95/036/CTRN portant Code Minier de la République de Guinée [Law L/95/036/CTRN on the Mining Code of the Republic of Guinea (1995)]

* Petroleum : N/A (no known oil/gas reserves)
Yes - EITI compliant46 (minerals), weak
Guinea-Bissaunegligible* Ministry of Mines and Energy* Minerals : Lei nº 1/2000 Lei de Minas e dos Minerais [Law No. 1/2000 Law of Mines and Minerals (24 July 2000)]

* Petroleum : Lei n.º 2/82 estabelece as bases relativas a pesquisa, a exploracao dos hidrocarbonetos liquidos ou gasosos [Law No. 2/82 on liquid and gas hydrocarbons research and exploitation]
Kenya0.8 (2012)* Dept of Mines and Geology
* Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources
* Kenya Chamber of Mines
* Minerals : The Mining Act, Cap 306 of 1986

* Petroleum : The Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act Chapter 308 1986
Lesotho7.8 (2013)* Ministry of Mining* Minerals : Mines and Minerals Act, 2005

* Petroleum : N/A
LiberiaIron ore
Diamonds
Gold
Timber
Rubber
2.4 (2011)* Liberia Government Ministry of Lands, Mines & Energy* Minerals : Minerals and Mining Law (April 3, 2000)

* Petroleum : An Act Adopting the New Petroleum Law of Liberia 2001
Yes - EITI compliant62 (minerals), partial
Libya65.6 (2012)* Libya Mining Company19 (hydrocarbons), failing
MadagascarNickel-cobalt
Ilemite
Oil
0.3 (2013)* Madagascar Ministry of Mines and Energy* Minerals : Loi nº 99-022 portant code minier [Law no. 99-022 on the Mining Code (30 July 1999)]

* Petroleum : Law No. 96018 of 4 September 1996, Petroleum Code (cannot locate copy)
EITI candidate
Malawi5.3 (2012)* Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Environment* Minerals : Mines and Minerals Act (Cap. 61:01)

* Petroleum : Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act (Chap 61:02), 1983
MaliGold
Bauxite
Iron ore
Limestone
Manganese
Nickel
Petroleum
Phosphates
Tin
Uranium
7.2 (2013)* Ministry of Mines and Energy* Minerals : Ordonnance n° 99-032/p-rm portant Code minier en République du Mali [Ordinance No. 99-032/P-RM the Mining Code in the Republic of Mali (19 August 1999)]

* Petroleum : Loi n°04-037/ portant organisation de la recherche, de l’exploitation, du transport et du raffinage des hydrocarbures [Act No. 04-037/organizing the research, exploitation, transport and refining of oil]
Yes - EITI compliant
MauritaniaIron Ore
Gold
Petroleum
Copper
Oil
30.1 (2013), of which oil 2.3* Mauritania Ministry of Petroleum* Minerals : Loi nº 2008-011 portant Code minier [Act No. 2008-011 on the Mining Code (27 April 2008)]

* Petroleum : Ordonnance nº 2002-05 règlementant les activités aval du secteur des hydrocarbures [Ordinance No. 2002-005 regulating the activities of the downstream oil sector (28 March 2002)]
Yes - EITI compliant
Mauritius0.3 (2013)* Ministry of Energy and Public Utilities* Minerals : Mineral Ordinance no. 41 1966; Minerals (Amendment) Act 1970

* Petroleum : N/A (no est'd reserves)
Morocco5.3 (2012)* National Office of Hydrocarbons and Mines
* Ministry in Charge of Energy and Mines
* Minerals : Mining Law, 16 April 1951
* Law no. 11-03 re: environmental protection
* Law no. 18-95 re: investment charter
53 (minerals), partial
MozambiqueOil
Natural gas
2.4 (2012)* Ministry of Mineral Resources* Minerals : Lei N° 14/2002 Lei de Minas [Act No. 14/2002 Mining Law (26 June 2002)] Note: The law is currently under review.

* Petroleum : Lei n.º 3/2001 aprova a Lei dos petróleos [Law No. 3/2001 approving the Petroleum Law]
Yes - EITI compliant37 (hydrocarbons), weak
Namibia12.3 (2012)* Ministry of Mines and Energy
* National Planning Commission
* Chamber of Mines
* Minerals : Minerals (Prospecting and Mining) Act, 1992 (No. 33 of 1992)

* Petroleum : Petroleum [Exploration and Production] Act, 1991
NigerOil
Gold
Uranium
11.5 (2012)* Ministry of Mineral Resources* Minerals : Ordinance no. 93-16 (2 March 1993) related to the Mining Law; Decree no. 2006-265/PRN determining details for implementing the Mining Law

* Petroleum : Loi no 2004-049 du 30 juin 2004, portant Code Pétrolier [Law No. 2004-049 of 30 June 2004, on the Petroleum Code]
Yes - EITI compliant
NigeriaOil
Gas
14.5 (2013), of which oil 14.4* Federal Ministry of Mines and Steel Development* Minerals : Minerals and Mining Act of 2007

* Petroleum : Petroleum Act of 1969
Yes - EITI compliant42 (hydrocarbons), weak
Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville)Oil
Diamonds
Gold
64.6 (2013), of which oil 64.6* Ministry of Mining and Geology * Minerals : Loi nº 04-2005 portant Code minier [Law No. 04-2005 on the Mining Code]

* Petroleum : Loi n° 24-94 du 23 août 1994 Code des hydrocarbures [Law No. 24-94 of 23 August 1994 Hydrocarbons Code]
Yes - EITI compliant
Rwanda2.1 (2013)* Rwanda Geology and Mining Authority
* Ministry of Natural Resources
* Minerals : Loi n° 37/2008 du 11/08/2008 portant exploitation des mines et des carrières [Law No. 37/2008 of 11/08/2008 on Mining and Quarry Exploitation]

* Petroleum : N/A (expects to pass a new petroleum law in mid-2014)
São Tomé and Príncipeunder exploration, production expected 2016 (oil)0.7 (2012)* Minister of Infrastructure and Natural Resources* Minerals : N/A

* Petroleum : The General Law on Petroleum Exploration and Exploitation of August 2000 (no primary source found; relied on http://tinyurl.com/mypl4tu and http://tinyurl.com/lr7h6z4)
EITI candidate
SenegalPhosphate
Iron ore
Gold
3.1 (2012)* Ministry of Energy, Mines and Industries* Minerals : Loi nº 2003-36 portant Code minier [Law No. 2003-36 on the Mining Code]

* Petroleum : Loi nº 98-05 portant Code pétrolier [Law No. 98-05 on the Petroleum Code (8 January 1998)]
EITI candidate
Seychellesunder exploration (oil)negligible* Seychelles Petroleum Company* Minerals : Minerals Act (Cap. 129) (15 October 1962)

* Petroleum : Petroleum Mining Act (July 26, 1976) Chapter 167
EITI candidate
Sierra LeoneGold
Diamonds
Bauxite
Rutile
Iron ore
Oil
11.6 (2012)* Ministry of Mines and Mineral Resources
* Sierra Leone Investment and Export Promotion Agency
* Minerals : The Mines and Minerals Act, 2009

* Petroleum : The Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act 2011
Yes - EITI compliant46 (minerals), weak
Somalia* Somalia Ministry of Mining and Petroleum* Minerals : The Mining Code and Regulations of the Republic of Somaliland (April 2000)

* Petroleum : Petroleum Law (June 15, 2006)
South AfricaGold
Diamonds
9.6 (2012)* Department of Mineral Resources
* Chamber of Mines of South Africa
* Department of Energy
* Minerals/Petroleum : Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act of 2002, Act 26 of 2002
* MPRDA Amendment bill 15 of 2013
* South African Mining Charter of 2004
* Diamonds Amendment Acts, 2005 (Act No. 29 of 2005 and Act No. 30 of 2005)
* Diamonds Second Amendment Act 2005, Act 30 of 2005
* Precious Metals Act 2005, Act No.37 of 2005
56 (minerals), partial
South Sudan* Ministry of Petroleum and Mining* Minerals : South Sudan Mining Act 2012

* Petroleum : The Petroleum Act, 2012
South Sudan: 31 (hydrocarbons), failing
Sudan5.1 (2013), of which oil 3.1* Site and Sudanese Ministry of Mines* Minerals : Mineral Resources and Mining Development Act (2007)

* Petroleum : Petroleum Resources Act 1972 (cannot locate copy)
Swaziland0.3 (2011)* Mining Department of Swaziland* Minerals : The Mines and Minerals Act of 2011

* Petroleum : N/A
TanzaniaGold
Diamonds
Tanzanite
3.8 (2012)* Ministry of Energy and Minerals
* Ministry of Lands and Humans Settlement
* Minerals : Mining Act (2010)

* Petroleum : Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act (Chap.328), 1981
Yes - EITI compliant50 (minerals), weak
TogoPhosphate
Cement
Clinker
Diamonds
Gold
Limestone
4.1 (2013)* Ministère des Mines et de l'Energie* Minerals : Loi nº 96-004 portant Code minier de la République togolaise [Law No. 96-004 on the Mining Code of the Republic of Togo (22 February 1996)]

* Petroleum : Loi n° 99-03 portant Code des hydrocarbures de la République togolaise [Law No. 99-003 on the Hydrocarbons Code of the Republic of Togo]
Yes - EITI compliant
Transparency Pricing Initiative
Tunisia8.1 (2012), of which oil 7.5* Ministry of Industry, Energy and PME
* Office National des Mines
Uganda0.4 (2012)* Department of Geological Survey and Mines of Uganda
* Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development
* Minerals : Mining Act, 2003

* Petroleum : Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act, 1985 (Ch 150)
ZambiaCopper
Cobalt
Gold
Gemstones
Industrial minerals
2.2 (2013)* Zambia Development Agency
* Zambia Association Chambers of Commerce and Industry
* Ministry of Mines and Mineral Development
* Minerals : Mines and Minerals (Amendment) Act, 2007 (No. 6 of 2007)

* Petroleum : Petroleum Act (Exploration and Production) 2008
Yes - EITI compliant61 (minerals), partial
ZimbabweDiamonds10.1 (2013)* Ministry of Mines and Mining Developement
* Zimbabwe Chamber of Mines
* Minerals : Mines and Minerals Act (Chapter 21:05)

* Petroleum : Petroleum Act (Chapter 13:22) Act 11/2006
31 (minerals), failing

Notes:

* This chart and any maps associated with it are not intended to reflect the ALC's view of country status or borders. We have excluded the following, which are sometimes recognized as African countries (or parts thereof), because sufficient information regarding their extractive resources is not available: Canary Islands; Ceuta; Madeira; Mayotte; Melila; Réunion; Saint Helena; Western Sahara. ** This chart is not based on original research, but is drawn mostly from the African Economic Outlook (GDP information), the WRI's "Rights to Resources" map, and the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (resources extracted).