The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Community Court of Justice was created by a Protocol that was signed in 1991 and subsequently incorporated into Articles 6 and 15 of ECOWAS's Revised Treaty. It began operating in 1996. Its mandate is to interpret and apply the provisions of the Revised Treaty and all subsidiary legal instruments.
In terms of Article 9, the Court has jurisdiction to adjudicate:
- any dispute relating to the interpretation and application of acts of the Community;
- any dispute between Institutions of the Community and their officials;
- any case dealing with liability for or against the Community;
- cases of violation of human rights that occur in any Member State;
- the legality of Regulations, Directives, Decisions, and other subsidiary legal instruments adopted by ECOWAS.
The Court's human-rights jurisdiction was newly introduced by the 2005 amendment. A summary of the Court's human-rights decisions is available here.
The Court has 7 judges, listed here.
3 judges, including the President.
Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinee, Guine Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo (15).